Ifad representative: Africa has greatly benefited from China’s experience in rural development

2022-06-18 0 By

Source: China Daily website China journal net, March 25 (Reuters) international fund for agricultural development on behalf of Mr Nott, thierry and matteo, marchisio has said in the China Daily published stories that over the past 20 years, the international fund for agricultural development, China and Africa have been south-south cooperation projects, promoting the knowledge, technology and development between China and the solution.Africa has much to gain from China’s experience in rural development.An agricultural expert group from China to Burundi inspects rice production in a hybrid rice demonstration field in China.The eighth Ministerial Meeting of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held in Dakar, Senegal in November last year. The theme of the meeting was “Deepening China-Africa Partnership, Promoting Sustainable Development and Building a China-Africa Community with a Shared Future in the New Era.”At the meeting, China announced new measures for cooperation with Africa in the next three years.In this ambitious partnership, agriculture, food security and comprehensive and sustainable rural transformation are critical to the development of African countries.Africa has much to gain from China’s experience in rural development.China has managed to feed about a fifth of the world’s population (1.4 billion people) with less than 10 per cent of the world’s arable land and less than 7 per cent of its water resources.On the other hand, although the continent holds 60 percent of the world’s potential arable land and agricultural production in Africa has increased 160 percent in the past 30 years, many African countries still face food security problems and agricultural inefficiency.The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is a witness to how Africa has benefited from China-Africa cooperation.Over the past 20 years, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), China and Africa have been conducting South-South cooperation projects, which have facilitated the exchange of technology and good practices between China and Africa.For example, ifAD successfully introduced biogas digester technology for rural households in China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in early 2000, which was later rolled out in several African countries through IFAD-funded projects.Ifad also transfers knowledge, technology and development solutions among the countries of the South, including Between China and Africa, through South-South cooperation facilities established with funding from the Government of China.The Great Green Wall Initiative, a tree-planting project launched in 1978 to prevent the expansion of the Gobi Desert, has produced benefits including reducing sandstorms, reducing soil erosion, protecting China’s grasslands and helping absorb millions of tons of greenhouse gases.The African Union is implementing a similar initiative, the Great Green Sahara and Sahel Initiative, aimed at combating desertification in the Sahel and restoring 250 million hectares of degraded land, mainly for agricultural use.The initiative is expected to create 10 million jobs and sequester 250 million tons of carbon.The International Fund for Agricultural Development will lead the “umbrella Plan” of the Great Green Wall initiative, which will help promote investment to build forest resources, strengthen farming practices and secure water supplies, while contributing to resolving tribal conflicts in the region.Such initiatives can benefit greatly from China’s experience with the great Green Wall.But IFAD’s South-South cooperation does not focus solely on technology transfer.During 2009 to 2018, the fund and China to support a series of south-south cooperation seminar, promote the communication between China and Africa to policymakers, it is a great progress, because the policy in promoting sustainable rural transformation and achieve the sustainable development of the first (poverty) and the second goal (zero hunger) played an important role.Africa has much to learn from Asia in general and China in particular when it comes to rural reform.For example, China’s household contract responsibility system is considered one of the key factors in promoting China’s rapid economic growth and rural transformation.The system has had a positive impact on agricultural productivity, food security and poverty reduction.Finally, China-Africa cooperation need not be limited to technology and policy, but can be extended to concrete practices.For example, one high-profile “practice” in China supports the inclusion of farmers into profitable benefit chains, which enable farmers to enter into contractual relationships with “leading enterprises” subject to quality standards.Government departments can support farmers in improving the quality of their produce to meet the standards required for such contracts with agribusinesses.This kind of “order farming” between farmers and large agribusinesses is also promising in Africa, as has been demonstrated in the cotton, cocoa and horticultural products industries over the past few decades.This approach can also be extended to many other areas of agriculture and livestock, as evidenced by the recent success of the poultry industry in Senegal.Such cooperation between governments, private enterprises and small-scale farmers could yield huge productive gains, which Africa needs over the next 30 years.African agriculture has grown at an average annual rate of 2% over the past three decades, but it has not kept up with population growth.As a result, food production needs a paradigm shift to keep pace with The growth of Africa’s population, which is expected to double by 2050.Ifad believes that through this type of cooperation and the support programmes that IFAD is establishing for small-scale farmers, it will be possible to achieve a more equitable food system capable of producing high-quality food and providing producers with a decent income while protecting the environment.Africa can greatly benefit from China’s experience, and the International Fund for Agricultural Development is well placed to promote such cooperation in rural and agricultural areas.Authors: Benoit Thierry, IFAD Programme Representative for Senegal and the Sahel, and Mateo Marchisio, IFAD Representative in China