There are old people, the cold air under the close this “warm heart warm blood” reminder

2022-06-24 0 By

The cold air continues to blow!Zhao Yiye, chief physician of cardiovascular department of Southern Medical University Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, reminded that winter is the high incidence of cardiovascular disease, whether there are elderly people in the home, or people with high work pressure, in addition to keeping warm, special attention should be paid to preventing cardiovascular disease.High incidence of cardiovascular disease in winter, beware of this symptom!”November to March is the time of year when cardiovascular disease is most common, especially among the elderly.”Zhao Yiye reminds the elderly, should pay special attention to the onset of cardiovascular disease signs – beware of vascular disease, usually shown as abnormal fluctuations in blood pressure and spasm, patients will appear chest tightness, there is an indescribable sense of pressure.If these symptoms are not alleviated within 5-15 minutes, they are acute attacks of cardiovascular disease and should be sought medical attention immediately.Why is there a high incidence of cardiovascular disease in winter?Zhao Yiye explained that the main reasons for the high incidence of cardiovascular diseases in winter are as follows: 1. Cold and sudden cold and warm.In the case of low temperature, blood vessels will contract, easy to cause the heart and other important organs ischemia and hypoxia, induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.And the temperature difference between day and night in winter is large, the human nervous system and endocrine system functions are prone to disorder, increasing the possibility of inducing acute disease.2. Blood pressure fluctuates greatly.Winter changes in hormone levels, indoor and outdoor temperature changes, etc., easy to cause blood pressure fluctuations, especially in the elderly, blood pressure fluctuation will accelerate the formation and development of arteriosclerosis, easy to cause angina pectoris or cerebrovascular problems.3. Haze.Air pollution is more common in winter, and pollutants such as PM2.5 can increase heart rate, raise blood pressure, trigger inflammation in blood vessels, and lead to high blood clotting, which can lead to heart disease.In addition, the air pressure is low in haze weather, and the oxygen concentration in the air is low. Patients with poor cardiopulmonary functions such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and heart failure are prone to hypoxia.Upper respiratory tract infection.In autumn and winter, the incidence of respiratory infections increases.After infection, the oxygen exchange capacity of lung tissue decreases, the burden of heart increases, and it is easy to induce acute myocardial infarction, sudden death, etc., and heart failure is also more likely to occur.5.Less exercise.As a result of the cold weather, citizens are less outdoor activities, more indoor entertainment, young people may be more online to play games, and people who stick to the office work, usually sedentary, coupled with low temperature, prone to constriction of blood vessels, slow blood flow, increasing the risk of lower limb deep vein thrombosis.6.Not eating properly.Around Spring Festival, people tend to eat more high-fat diets, which can lead to obesity, higher blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.Pay special attention to these crowds!Zhao yiye reminded the following groups should pay special attention to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.1.Have high blood pressure.It is estimated that about 435 million people nationwide have high normal blood pressure.Long-term hypertension can make the cerebral arterial blood wall thickening or hardening, the wall thinning.When blood pressure rises suddenly, cerebral vascular rupture is easy to occur cerebral hemorrhage;Or hypertension accelerates the arteriosclerosis process, the arterial endothelial cell fluid is damaged, platelets are easy to gather at the injury, and it is easy to form brain blood pressure thrombus, causing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.2.Long-term smoking.Data show that smokers have a much higher incidence of cardiovascular disease and subarachnoid hemorrhage 3-5.7 times more than non-smokers.Because nicotine can promote the increase of adrenaline content in plasma, promote platelet aggregation and endothelial cell contraction, causing the increase of blood adhesion factors.3. The pressure of staying up late causes imbalanced eating and movement.Emotional instability, the habit of staying up late to play games, video is the norm for many young people;The pace of life is tense, family, career so that young people’s pressure is also increasing.At the same time, excessive drinking, intake of too much food fat and lack of necessary exercise in winter lead to slow metabolism, slow blood flow, rapid increase in blood viscosity, resulting in insufficient blood supply to the heart and brain. If not adjusted in time, it will lead to coronary heart disease, hypertension, cerebral thrombosis, fatty liver and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.4. Long-term exposure to air pollution.A large number of epidemiological studies have confirmed that increased outdoor air pollutant concentrations are significantly associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity.Total suspended particulate matter (TSP), SO2, NOx and PM2.5 significantly increased the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death.In addition, patients with dyslipidemia, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, and sleep disorders should also be vigilant.Winter safety Tips: Zhao Yiye reminds everyone that cardiovascular patients should do the following in winter: 1.Standardize the use of drugs.Follow your doctor’s advice strictly.2.Keep warm.3.Science movement.The elderly should arrange exercise time reasonably and control good amount of exercise, do not be anxious to get off the bed when waking up, lie on the bed first for a while.In the early morning, people’s platelets tend to accumulate, blood pressure tends to rise, heart rate increases, and hormone level is strong, which can easily lead to the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, cardiovascular patients should not do morning exercise, and they should wait until the sun rises in winter to do exercise.4.Eat sensibly.Low salt low fat diet, daily salt (including soy sauce) should be reduced to 5 grams or so, the elderly can be 70% full.The elderly are insensitive to thirst, easy to water and not easy to detect, so early to drink 500 ml of warm water, three meals a day to drink more water, help to dilute the blood, reduce the probability of thrombosis.Eat foods rich in dietary fiber.5.Pay attention to protective measures in severe haze days.6. Be at peace.Mood fluctuation is a big taboo of cardiovascular disease, to keep cheerful, emotional stability and stability, not angry, less excited, maintain positive energy.Yang Cheng Evening News full media reporter Lin Qingqing correspondent Zhang Chengbin Peng Fengmei photo/Visual China